A history of American finance, 1861-1936
Found by Yann Ranchere (and shared by David Galbraith), the document was hosted as a PDF by the St. Louis Federal Reserve, comprising multiple pages. Here, it's presented as one long graph.
It appears to be hand-drawn. If you can't read any of the text, see the PDF. At the page boundaries there are often some repetitive sections due to how the pages were aligned.